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Refarming India in 2020: Why farmers need to move ahead and partake in a modern economy


By Brijendra SinghPre-Independence Punjab was relatively accomplished in agricultural production. By the 1930s, however, the farming community was mired in indebtedness due to the exploitative nature of the existing system. One of the earliest set of institutional agrarian reforms came about with the Punjab Debtors Act, 1936, and the Punjab Agricultural Produce Markets Act, 1939, a.k.a. the ‘Mandi Act’. These two legislations, spearheaded by

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