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List Of Important Medicinal Plants | Uses Of Medicinal Plant

LIST OF IMPORTANT MEDICINAL PLANTS AND THEIR USES

NB: (Fam – Family, T – Tree, H – Herb, C – Climber, S- shrub)

Plant Common name / Maturity period Botanical Name or Family Parts Used Average Price( Rs. / Kg ) Medicinal Use Emblica officinalis Amla ( T )After 4th year Emblica officinalis
Fam – euphorbiaceac Fruit Rs 15 – 45/kg Vitamin – C, Cough , Diabetes, cold, Laxativ, hyper acidity. Ashok Ashok ( T )10 years onward Saraca Asoca
Fam : Caesalpinanceac Bark Flower Dry Bark Rs 125/kg Menstrual Pain, uterine, disorder, Deiabetes. Aswagandha Aswagandha ( H ), One year Withania Somnifera
Fam: Solanaccac Root, Leafs Rs 140/ Kg Restorative Tonic, stress, nerves disorder, aphrodiasiac. Aegle marmelous Bael / Bilva (T)After 4-5 year Aegle marmelous
Fam: Rutaccac Fruit, Bark Fruit – Rs 125 / kg
Pulp – Rs 60 / Kg Diarrrhoea, Dysentry, Constipation. Phyllanthous amarus Bhumi Amla ( H), with in one year Phyllanthous amarus
Fam : euphorbiaccac Whole Plant Rs 40 / Kg Aenimic, jaundice, Dropsy. Bacopa, Monieri Brahmi ( H ) Indian penny worth/one year Bacopa,Monnieri
Fam: Scrophulariaccac Whole plant Rs 20 per kg Nervous, Memory enhancer,mental disorder. Chiraita Chiraita ( high altituted) with in one year ( H ) Swertia Chiraita
Fam : Gentianaccac Whole Plant Rs 300-350 / per kg Skin Desease, Burning, censation, fever. Gudmar Gudmar / madhunasini, after Four year ( C ) Gymnema Sylvestre
Fam: Asclepiadaccac Leaves Rs 50 -75 per kg Diabetes, hydrocil, Asthama. Guggul Guggul ( T)after 8 years Commiphora Wightii
Fam: burseraccac Gum rasine Rs 80 – 100 per kg Rheuma tised, arthritis, paralysis, laxative. Tinospora CordifoliaFam Guluchi / Giloe ( C )With in one year Tinospora CordifoliaFam Stem Rs 20 – 25 per kg Gout, Pile, general debility, fever, Jaundice. Gloriosa superba Calihari / panchanguliaGlori Lily Five years Gloriosa superba
Fam: Liliaccac Seed, tuber Rs 60 Skin Desease, Labour pain, Abortion, General debility. Kalmegh Kalmegh/ Bhui neem ( H ) with in one year Andrographis PaniculataFam : scanthaccac Whole Plant Rs 12 – 20 Fever, weekness, release of gas. Peeper longum Long peeper / Pippali ( C ) after two to three years Peeper longum
Fam : Piperaccac Fruit, Root Rs 100 – 150 per kg
Root – 150 per kg Appetizer, enlarged spleen , Bronchities, Cold, antidote. Makoi Makoi ( H )Kakamachi/ With in one year Solanum nigrum
Fam: Solanaccac Fruit/whole plant Rs 40 per kg
Seed – 200 per kg Dropsy, General debility,Diuretic, anti dysenteric. Coleus barbatus Pashan Bheda / Pathar Chur ( H )One year Coleus barbatus
Fam : Lamiaccac Root Rs 40-50 per kg Kidny stone, Calculus. Santalum Album Sandal Wood ( T )Thirty years onward Santalum Album
Fam: santalinaccac Heart wood , oil Rs 350 per kg Skin disorder, Burning, sensation, Jaundice, Cough. Sarpa Gandha Sarpa Gandha ( H )After 2 year Ranwolfia Serpentina
Fam: apocynaccac Root Root – Rs 60 per kg
Seed – Rs 300 per kg Hyper tension, insomnia. Asparagus Racemosus Satavari ( C )After 2-3 year Asparagus Racemosus
Family: liliaccac Tuber, root Rs 20 -50 per kg Enhance lactation, general weekness, fatigue, cough. Senna Senna ( S )With in 1 year Casia augustifolia
Fam: Liliaceae Dry Tubers Rs 500/kg seed
Rs1200/kg dry Rheumatism, general debility tonic, aphrodisiac. Ocimum sanclum Tulsi (perennial) Each 3 months Ocimum sanclum
Fam: Lamiaccac Leaves/Seed Leaves Rs 10/kg Cough, Cold, bronchitis,expectorand. Vai Vidanka Vai Vidanka ( C ), 2nd year onward Embelia Ribes
Fam: Myrsinaccac Root, Fruit, Leaves Rs 40-50 per kg Skin disease, Snake Bite, Helminthiasis. Mentha pipertia Pippermint ( h) Perennial Mentha pipertia
Fam:Lamiaccac Leaves, Flower, Oil – Digestive, Pain killer. Lawsennia iermis Henna/Mehdi ( S ) 1/25 years Lawsennia iermis
Fam: lytharaceae Leaf,Flower, Seed L – 50 /kgPowder-Rs75 perkg Burning, Steam, Anti Imflamatary. Aloe Verra Gritkumari ( H) 2nd-5th yr Aloe Verra
Fam: Liliaceae Leaves Fresh L- Rs 5 kgJuice 90 Per Kg Laxative, Wound healing, Skin burns & care,Ulcer. Vincea rosea Sada Bahar ( H ) Periwinkle/Nyantara Vincea rosea/ catharanthusRoseus
Fam :apocyanace Whole Plant R-Rs50 per kgL- Rs 25S- Rs 10 kg Leaukamia, Hypotensiv, Antispasmodic , Atidot. Eclipta alba Vringraj ( H ) Eclipta alba
Fam: Compositae Seed/whole Powder-Rs 60/kg Anti-inflamatory, Digestive, hairtonic. Plumbago Zeylanica Swet chitrak
Perennial ( h ) Plumbago Zeylanica
Fam: Plumbaginaceae Root, Rootbar – Appetiser, Antibacterial, Aticacer. Plumbago Indica Rakta Chitrak ( H ) Plumbago Indica
Fam : plumbaginaceae Root, Root bar – Indyspeipsia, colic, imflammation, cough. Strychinos nuxvomica Kochila ( T )15 yrs Strychinos nuxvomica
Fam: loganiaceae Seed – Nervous, Paralysis, healing wound. Terminalia Chebula Harida ( T ) Terminalia Chebula
Fam: Combretaceae Seed Rs. 80 per K
Powder Trifala, wound ulcer, leprosy, inflammation, Cough. Terminalia Bellerica Bahada (T) TerminaliaBellerica
Fam:comretaceae Seed, Bark Fruit – Rs 20/k
Powder- Rs 100/k Cough, Insomnia, Dropsy, Vomiting, Ulcer, Trifala. Tribulus Terrestris Gokhur ( H ) CrawlingPuncture Vine/1 yr Tribulus Terrestris
Fam: Lygophyllaceae Whole Plant Plant-Rs 10/K
Fruit -Rs 15/k Sweet cooling, Aphrodisiac, appetizer, Digestive, Urinary. Azardirchata – indica Neem ( T ) Azardirchata – indica
Fam : Mahaceae Rhizome Rs 45/k Sdedative, analgesic, epilepsy, hypertensive. Hemibi smus Indicus Anantamool/sariva ( S )Indian Sarap sarilla Hemibi smus Indicus
Fam: Asclepiadaceae Root/ Leaf Rs 45/k root
Rs 90/kPowder Appetiser, Carminative, aphrodisiac, Astringent. Acorus Calamus Bach ( H )
Sweet Flag/1 yr Acorus Calamus
Fam : araceae Rhizome Rs 45/K Sdedative, analgesic, tpilepsy, hypertensive. Adhatoda vesica Vasa ( S ) Adhatoda vesica
Fam : Sacanthaceae Whole Plant Leaf – Rs 25/ k Antispasmodic, respiratory, Stimulant. Mesua Ferrea Nageswar ( T ) Nag Champa Mesua Ferrea
Fam : Guttiferae Bark, Leaf, Flower Flower – Rs 120/k
Powder Rs 175/k Asthma, Skin, Burning, Vomiting, Dysentry, Piles. Vetiveria Ziziinoides Benachar ( S ) Khus/khus Vetiveria Ziziinoides
Fam : Toaceae / Graminae Root Flower – Rs 120/k
Powder Rs 175/k Hyperdisia, Burning, ulcer, Skin, Vomiting. Centella asiatica Mandukparni ( H )
Indianpennywort Centella asiatica
Fam : Umdelliferae Whole plant – Antiinflamatory, Jundice, Diuretic, Diarrhoea. Mucuna Truriens Kaincha/CreeperBaidanka Mucuna Truriens
Fam : Fabaceae Root, Hair, Seed, Leaf – Nervous, Disorder, Constipation, Nephroaphy, Strangury, Dropsy. Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Dalchini
Perenial Shrub Cinnamomum Zeylanicum
Fam : Lauraceae Bark, Oil – Bronchitis, Asthma, Cardiac, Disorder, Fever. Holarrhena antidysenterica Kurai ( S ) Holorheena antidysentrica
Fam:apocyaceaceae Bark, Seed – Scabies, Antipyretic, Amoibic dysentery. Solanum Xanthocarpum Kantakari / AkrantiPerennial ( H ) Solanum Xanthocarpum
Fam : Solanaceae Whole Plant, Fruit, Seed – Diuretic, Antiinflamatory, Appetiser, Stomachic.

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